Documents from regional dimension: Judiciary – quality, efficiency and competence

 Partial Reforms and Incomplete Europeanisation – Croatia’s Experience in Conducting Reforms in the Context of the Chapter 23 Negotiations with the EU

  •  13 October 2021
  •  Tina Đaković
  •  International
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Policy document

The reforms conducted under the auspices of the EU negotiations undoubtedly transformed the judiciary accelerated the fight against corruption and improved the system for the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms. Although these reforms enabled Croatia to become a member of the EU, their results and outcomes were not entirely in line with expectations. Moreover, in the case of Croatia like in many other Central and East European EU member states, it is evident and clearly visible that after the EU conditionality had passed many of the started reforms were not finalised due to changes of political priorities or were reversed (either by changing or choosing not to implement the current policies).

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 Аnalysis of the Quality and Uniformity of Court Decisions in Civil Cases

  •  17 September 2021
  •  Dusko Georgievski
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Analysis

The analysis of the quality and uniformity of court decisions in civil cases prepared by Dusko Georgievski, includes 88 anonymized decisions from the four appellate areas adopted in the period from 2017 to 2020 (with the exception of one, which was adopted in early 2021 ). Each of the decisions was analyzed separately, based on the criteria set out in the specially developed Methodology for analysis of the quality and uniformity of court decisions. The main goal of the analysis is on the one hand, through quantitative indicators to make a qualitative assessment of the decisions made in the given period at the level of all four appellate areas and at the national level to determine whether there are any weaknesses that are characteristic according to this criterion for a certain area of ​​appeal. While, on the other hand, in the area of ​​uniformity of court decisions, to determine whether attention is paid to the balance between equality of people before the law and legal certainty

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 Предизвици во решавање на проблемите во граѓанско-правната област

  •  16 September 2021
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Policy document

 Analysis of the Quality and Uniformity of Criminal Law Court Decisions

  •  14 September 2021
  •  Natali Petrovska
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Analysis

Judicial decisions shall be drafted in an accessible, simple, and clear language. Judges shall issue reasoned decisions, pronounced in public within a reasonable time, based on fair and public hearing. Judges shall use appropriate case management methods. In pursuance with the ECtHR case-law, the reasoning must contain a specific and explicit reply to key importance arguments, submissions and claims, which are decisive for the outcome of the proceedings, i.e., for the adoption of the court decision. The purpose of this analysis is to contribute to improving the quality of court decisions in the civil cases, to improve the procedure itself, as well as to contribute to improving the uniformity of decisions in order to respond to citizens’ expectations with regard to their right to a fair and just trial and access to justice.

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 Bulgaria’s Experience in Reforming the Judiciary as a Challenge for EU Membership

  •  13 September 2021
  •  Julijana Nikolova
  •  International
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Policy document

The process of reform of the judiciary in Bulgaria is still ongoing, with no establishment of a solid and clearly defined framework for the judicial system or consensus amidst political parties, the judiciary, and the public on the concept for the development of the setup and organisation of the judicial system in sight. The role and place of the prosecution and investigation against the Prosecutor General and deputies thereof are the issues that fuel most of the debates and are a source of perpetual disagreement. The road towards the resolution of those fundamental issues spreads across the metaphorical minefield that is the legacy of prior amendments, including judgments of the Constitutional Court. The experience of Bulgaria indicates that the consensus of parliamentary parties alone is not sufficient to effect reforms as parliamentary representation tends to be too dynamic, especially in times of crises that follow one after another. A much broader agreement is required, and civil

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 Академски блог: Како да ја подобриме правната култура во Македонија

  •  25 August 2021
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Other

 Analysis of the Quality of Court Decisions in Misdemeanor Cases

  •  23 August 2021
  •  Dr. Mariana Loncar Velkova
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Analysis

The analysis of the quality of court decisions in misdemeanor cases written by Dr. Mariana Loncar Velkova, was made on a total of 60 decisions from four appellate areas, issued in the period from 2017 to 2020, where one of the parties in the proceedings is a natural person. The analysis was based on a set of qualitative indicators as per the Methodology for Analyzing the Quality and Uniformity of Court Decisions and it does not quantify the results obtained with the quantitative indicators according to the Methodology. Each decision was individually analyzed without being compared with the others, by applying the indicators from the mentioned Methodology.

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 Infographic: How frequently is mediation used in our country?

  •  28 January 2021
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Information

An infographic showing the rate of mediation usage as an alternative way of solving disputes in North Macedonia.

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 2019 report on the results of the implementation of the 2017-2022 strategy for reform of the judicial sector

  •  05 November 2020
  •  Aleksandar Nikolov, Iva Conevska
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Report

This Report is based on the plan for monitoring the implementation and assessment of the results of the 2017-2022 Strategy for Reform of the Judicial Sector, using citizen-oriented indicators, i.e. indicators facilitating the assessment of the interaction of citizens with the justice system institutions, as well as the degree of attainment of strategic goals, guidelines, measures and activities envisaged under the Strategy. The indicators help measure the results from the human rights perspective and from the viewpoint of the Strategy’s effects on citizens, against the background of the overall work of the justice system. This Report covers the following strategic goals set forth under the Strategy: quality, efficiency, transparency, strategic planning and policy-making, judicial institutions, criminal matters, misdemeanour matters and civil matters. The indicators do not cover the following strategic goals under the Strategy: independence and impartiality, liability, access to just

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 2019 report on the results of the implementation of the 2017-2022 strategy for reform of the judicial sector

  •  05 November 2020
  •  Aleksandar Nikolov, Iva Conevska
  •  National
  •  Non-governmental organization
  •  Report

This Report is based on the plan for monitoring the implementation and assessment of the results of the 2017-2022 Strategy for Reform of the Judicial Sector, using citizen-oriented indicators, i.e. indicators facilitating the assessment of the interaction of citizens with the justice system institutions, as well as the degree of attainment of strategic goals, guidelines, measures and activities envisaged under the Strategy.

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